Transport and communication

Transport and communication


On the development of transport infrastructure, the Republic of Mordovia is at one of the first places in the Volga Federal District. The main modes of transport are rail, road, air, pipeline. On the roads of Mordovia, transport links are being made between the Center and the South of Russia with the regions of the Volga region, with the South Urals, Siberia, Kazakhstan, Central Asia, the Far East.

The current operational length of the public railway tracks is 546 km. Within the republic there are several railway lines: Moscow - Ruzaevka - Samara; Ruzaevka - Red Knot; Arzamas - Red Knot; Red Knot - Kanash; Ruzaevka - Penza; Kustarevka - Vernadovka; Potma - Barashevo. The system of railways is connected to a single network by means of nodes, the main of which are Ruzaevka, Red Knot, Potma. The most important centers of freight and passenger traffic are Saransk and Ruzaevka.

The length of public roads in the country is 6 206 km, including 4 574 km of hard surface, of which 400 are federal and 4 174 km of republican ones. The density of the road network increases near the regional centers and especially Saransk. Road transport by value in the economic life of Mordovia takes the leading place. It provides intra-republican economic ties. Freight traffic is carried out by public transport and departmental. In recent years, in addition to state-owned motor transport enterprises, private companies operate. Their share in the transportation of goods is about 30%.

Air transportation in the Republic is carried out by the Saransk Air Enterprise. With the commissioning of the concrete runway, the airport can accept modern heavy turbojet airplanes. The role of air transport is significant in the transportation of passengers, mail and urgent cargo.

In 2010, 3.6 million tons of cargo and 1.4 million passengers were transported by rail, 4.9 million tons of cargo and 63.4 million passengers by road. Over the same period 21,0 thousand people were transported by air.

Pipeline transport is the youngest type of transport in Mordovia. Its share in the total freight turnover is constantly increasing. This is a highly specialized, but very cost-effective mode of transport. The main gas pipelines pass through the territory of the republic: Urengoi-Pomary-Uzhgorod, Urengoi-Center-1, Urengoi-Center-2, Yamburg-Yelets-1, Yamburg-Yelets-2, Yamburg-the western border of the CIS (Progress). The length of main gas pipelines, gas pipelines and branch pipelines is 13,068.5 km. In the republic there are 23 district sections of LLC "Mordovregiongaz", 2 gas distribution organizations.


The branch of communication in the republic is represented by postal and telephone communication, the Internet, mobile communication operators, organizations providing radio communications services, cable and digital television, radio and television broadcasting. In Mordovia, ubiquitous access to communication services is provided through the introduction of universal technologies using payphones and points of collective access, the level of household telephones and the digitalization of the local network are high.

The number of telephone exchanges of the city network in 2010 amounted to 102 units, rural - 368. The capacity of public telephone exchanges was increased to 335 thousand numbers, the number of telephone sets reached 251.4 thousand (including in the rural network - 72.5 thousand), the number of payphones in the city and rural telephone network is 1,500.

Television broadcasting covers the entire population of the republic. In recent years, the change in quality parameters is due to the development of multi-channel, color and satellite television.

The intensive development of information and telecommunication infrastructures contributes to the growth of the quality of life of the population, the development of the socio-political, cultural and spiritual spheres of society, the construction of an innovative economy and the enhancement of the effectiveness of public administration. The development of IT technologies in the country will also determine the successful operation of the Technopark.

The main tasks in the field of transport development in the medium term: renewal of the fleet of vehicles and rolling stock of passenger and freight carriers; improvement of logistics and increase of warehouse capacities for development of wholesale and retail trade; the development of high-speed communication with major cities of the Central and Volga federal districts: Moscow, Samara, Nizhny Novgorod, Kazan.



Gas pipelines and gas supply of housing stock