Tengushevsky district

Tengushevsky district

The area is 845.2 km2. The population is 12.3 thousand people. (2010). Center - with. Tengushevo.

The region is located in the northwest of the Republic of Modovia, bordering the Nizhny Novgorod and Ryazan regions. In the northern and southern parts of it there are landscapes of mixed forests of water-glacial plains of the edge part of the Oka-Don lowland, in the central - landscapes of the Moksha valley. In pine, pine-broadleaf forests, spruce is found, which is of particular value, since in Mordovia it is located on the southern border of the range. On the shores of lakes and marshes grow cranberries, andromeda, sundew, string sedge; nesting gulls, osprey, large spotted eagle, snake-eater, gray goose, gray crane, ruffus, stilt, cropland, ice-cream, large spindle. Many PAs have been allocated on the territory of the district: oak groves near the villages of Vedenyapino, Krasny Yar, Kulikovo and Kuraevo, a birch forest near the village of Barashevo, a pine forest near Dachny, Lake Shelubey near the village. Dove, Mordovian near. Vedenyapin, Piyavskoe near the village of Ivanovka.

In the territory of the Tengushevsky district 67 monuments are registered: 18 - history, 5 - town planning and architecture, 3 - art, 41 - archeology. An architectural monument of federal significance in the cultural landscape is the church in honor of the Protection of the Holy Virgin (1795) in the village. Standdrov.

Among the mineral deposits there are brick loam (Tengushevskoe, Tengushevskoe-2). On the territory of the region, the upper and medium-carboniferous aquifers are exploited. Reserves of groundwater - 180.4 thousand m3 / day. Artesian waters are of good quality. Their mineralization varies in the range from 0.3 to 0.4 g / dm3. The chemical composition of the water is sulphate-hydrocarbonate magnesium-calcium.

On the territory of the district flows r. Moksha, which has an influx of Uzhovka. The area of ​​the Moksha catchment in the range from. Tengushev - 19 394 km2. The average long-term runoff is 65.9 m3 / s, its volume is 2 080 million m3 per year. In the flood plain of Moksha there are old lakes: Bolshaya Takushevskoye, Mordovskoye, Piyavskoe, Bolshaya Kuraevskoe and others.

Gray forest (36%) and sod-podzolic (30%) soils predominate in the structure of the soil cover of agricultural lands, and the share of floodplain soils is significant (20%). In natural vegetation, coniferous and mixed forests predominate. Under forests, 42.1% are occupied, under bushes - 5% of the area.

Agro-industrial enterprises are mainly operating in the district. Of the industrial enterprises, the most important are the Tengushevsky distillery, the industrial complex, the creamery, and the three logging enterprises. The length of paved roads connecting the main settlements of the region is 200 km. The area is gasified by 67%.

Tengushevo - Erzya village on the river. Moksha; center of the Tengushevsky district (since 1928). The population is 4.0 thousand people. (2010).

The village is located in the forest landscapes. In written sources with. Tengushevo was mentioned from the second half of the 16th century. The name of the village, according to one version, comes from the Erzya Tinge Kuzho-gumna glade, on the other - from the pre-Christian Mordovian name Tengush (Tingush). In 1801 a church was built in the name of the Kazan Icon of the Mother of God. At the end of XIX century. The primary school, water and windmills operated; fairs and bazaars were held. The village has an obelisk for soldiers who died during the Great Patriotic War, and a monument to Vladimir Lenin.

In the vicinity of the village archaeologists have studied the Tengushev fortified settlement - a monument of the 7th-2nd centuries. BC. e., Characterizing the life of the tribes of urban culture, which were the basis for the formation of the ancient Mordvins.

Tengushevo is a road junction on the republican and local roads. Here work creamery "Tengushevsky" and other enterprises of the agro-industrial complex. There is a comprehensive school, a vocational school, a regional art school, two libraries, the House of Culture, a district hospital.

Vedenyapino is a Russian village, located near the lakes of Inerka and Kazzerka. The form of the settlement is radial. Population 204 people. (2010). Name-anthroponym: servicemen at the Temnikovskoye Zasechnoye Precinct Vedenyapiny were the owners of the settlement. In the village were born and lived the Decembrists brothers Apollo and Alexei Vedenyapiny.

Standrovo - Erzya village on the river. Seldur. The planning of the rural settlement is quarter-street. The population is 294 people. (2010). The name is anthroponym: Mordvin with the pre-Christian name Standor (Standra) was the first settler, the founder of the settlement. In the village there is a church dedicated to the Protection of the Holy Virgin (1795), built in the style of late classicism.

Shoksha is an Erzyan village on the river of the same name. The planning of the rural settlement is quarter-street. Population 560 people. (2010). The village was founded in the XVI century. According to IK Inzhevatov, the Shoksha hydromete is genetically related to the Shoish Shariah of Mari - the sleeve of the river. In the village is the St. Nicholas Church, built in 1830 in classic forms.

Tengushevsky district