Lyambirsky district

Lyambirsky district

The area is 880.1 km2. The population is 34.1 thousand people.
(2010). Center - with. Lambier.

The district is located in the central part of Mordovia in the forest-steppe landscapes of the Volga Upland. In the island oak forests of the villages Bolotnikovo, Lyambir, Belogorskoye there are such rare plant species as feather feather grass, gladiolus taupis, Venus shoe present, skullcap squat, protozoa and others; in the meadow-steppe landscapes near the villages of Krivozerye and Kadyshevo - Pontic wormwood, Shvetsov's wormwood, pinnate feather grass, skullcap, squat, long flax, cornflower Russian. In the boggy beams, overgrown with reeds, there are steppe lunas, nightingale crickets, povynysh, a big bittern. Among the specially protected areas is the Tikhonny spring.

There are 29 monuments in the territory of the Lyambir region: 12 - history, 1 - town planning and architecture, 3 - art, 13 - archeology. The cultural landscape of the territory is unique. The oldest layers are revealed in the settlements of the Bronze Age (Bersenevskoye, Aksenovskoe), numerous barrows: the Alexandrov, the collar, the Lambier, the May Day, the Protasovo, the Atamar, etc. The Tatars took an active part in the formation of the cultural landscape, which began settling on these lands in the 13th century. , Russian and Erzyan. The monument of history is a federal importance - fragments of the Belgorod-Simbirsk patrol line of the XVII century.

Memorable dates of the district: 1638 - the beginning of the construction of the Atamar (Saransk) watchdog; the foundation of the Atamar fortress; 1932 - commissioning of the Atemar lime plant; 1933 - the formation of the Lyambir region; 1977 - the beginning of construction of a poultry farm "October".

The municipal district has a significant range of explored minerals: clay and loam for the production of bricks (Alexandrovskoe, Penziatskoe, Hadzhinskoye), building lime, diatomite-trepel (Atemarskoye), sand for silicate products. There are manifestations of building sands (Bolotnikovo, Khadzhinskoye), an otok (Atemarskoye). A medium-carbon aquifer is operated on the territory of the region. Reserves of groundwater - 39.6 thousand m3 / day, of which 25.5 thousand m3 / day have a mineralization up to 1 g / dm3. The mineralization of the extracted waters varies in the range from 0.4 to 0.8 g / dm3. According to the chemical composition of water, sulfate-hydrocarbonate calcium-sodium-magnesium.

From the south to the north the region is crossed by the river Insar, among its tributaries should be allocated Udu. Through the village of Lyambir River flows. Lamb with a number of dams. In total, around 16 ponds with a total volume of 18 826 thousand m3. By the number of ponds, he ranks first in the republic. All of them were built during the period of development of irrigation reclamation.

In the structure of the soil cover, chernozems predominate (61%), and also the proportion of gray forest soils which in the southeastern part are strongly scraggy. Vegetation is represented by oak forests and meadow steppes. Under forests, 8.8% are occupied, and under bushes - 1.1% of the area.

The basis of the region's economy is agriculture and agricultural processing enterprises. Here are the two largest poultry factories in Mordovia - the Oktyabrskaya agrofirma and the Atemarskaya poultry farm. Almost all settlements of the region are connected to each other and to the regional center by paved roads. The settlements are gasified by 98%.

Lyambir is a Tatar village, the center of the Lyambirsky district (since 1933). The population is 8.7 thousand people. (2010).

The district center is located on the river. Lambirke, the left tributary of Insar. Founded in the forest-steppe landscapes in 1642 by Temnikovski Tatars who arrived for the construction of the Saransk fortress. At the heart of the name the word drill (borax, bora, pore), meaning "grove", a component of lamas (lam) - "bird cherry". This indicates that the village originated in the bird-cherry grove. In 1905 the first public school was opened in Lyambir, mosques were built.

In the old village preserves the national flavor. Monuments to soldiers who died in the Great Patriotic War, and VI Lenin were installed. Urban development of landscapes is limited to the spread of valuable agricultural lands in the vicinity of the village. The village has agricultural enterprises, 2 general education schools and a school of arts, a vocational school, a culture center, a polyclinic, and a hospital.

Atamar is a Russian village, founded in 1636 as a military-strategic military base on the south-eastern border of the Russian state. The form of the settlement is quarterly-street. The population is 4,1 thousand people. (2010). Toponym Atamar is interpreted in different ways: the old man is related to the Mordvin word; with Mordvin word atyamar - cherry, cherry thickets. Fortified ramparts, parts of the Belgorod-Simbirsk patrol zasechnoy features of the XVII century; church in the name of St. Nicholas, Archbishop Mirkili (1902), built in the Neo-Russian style. In the village there is a monument to soldiers who died in the Great Patriotic War.

Mikhailovka - a Russian village on the river. Amorde. The layout of the rural settlement is a street linear. Population 87 people. (2010). Named after the name of Mikhail Filatov - the grandfather of the academician-oculist VP Filatov (1875-1956). The father of the academician is PM Filatov in the village. Mikhailovka a hospital was built, which is functioning now.

Smolkovo - a Russian village on the tributary of the river. Big Atma. The form of the settlement is close to radial. Population 196 people. (2010). Name-anthroponym: servicemen at the Atamar zasechnaya line of the south-eastern border of the Russian state of Smolkova were the owners of the settlement. In the autumn of 1853, the Russian writer AK Tolstoy (1817-1875) lived in the village.

Lyambirsky district