"A person does not idolize in front of his cultural values ​​- he creates them." These words of the great Russian philosopher Nikolai Berdyaev very accurately characterize the process of formation of the cultural space of the Republic of Mordovia. Historically, the culture of Mordovia is an integral part of the multinational all-Russian culture and its identity is determined by the peoples living on the territory of the republic. They have their own cultural roots, their own cultural past, present and at the same time individual ways of development. However, living together on the same territory in the world and the good neighborliness of the Mordva, Russians, Tatars, representatives of other ethnic groups naturally affects the mutual enrichment of cultural traditions and forms a single cultural landscape.

On the territory of the republic there are about 2,000 monuments of history, culture and architecture, 849 of them are protected by the state; places of interest - creations created by man, or joint creations of man and nature, including places of existence of folk arts and crafts, as well as the life of outstanding historical figures: the patriarch Nikon, the archpriest Avvakum, the admiral F. Ushakov, the Monk Seraphim Sarov, the poet N. Ogarev, the scholar-philologist M. Bakhtin and many others.

In the cultural landscape of Mordovia, local natural historical complexes of Insara, Krasnoslobodsk, Saransk, and Temnikov are highlighted. In the XVI-XVII centuries. these settlements emerged as fortress cities on the south-eastern borders of the Russian state. Separate fragments of defensive structures were preserved in the suburbs of Saransk.

The cultural heritage of the peoples of Mordovia is an extensive network of cultural and art institutions, uniting over 1,200 objects. These are museums, theaters, libraries, educational institutions, national cultural centers.

The museums of the republic are actively involved in the preservation and promotion of the cultural heritage of the peoples of Mordovia. They are created in the majority of educational institutions, at many enterprises, in each district center. Some of them are subdivisions of the Mordovian Republican Local History Museum named after ID Voronin. In addition to the main exhibition, there are exhibitions in its halls devoted to historical dates and important events of the present. In the near future the museum will celebrate its centenary.

The Mordovian republican museum of fine arts named after SD Erzi has the status of an especially valuable object of culture of peoples living on the territory of the Republic of Mordovia. In his funds are concentrated the best works created by painters and graphics, sculptors, masters of arts and crafts of Russia and Mordovia for many years. The pearl of the collection is an exposition of works from the creative heritage of the outstanding sculptor of the twentieth century Stepan Dmitriyevich Erzi. The museum is the custodian of the unique - the largest in the world - collection of works of the great son of the Mordovian people. The sculptor's work is called one of the seven wonders of the Finno-Ugric world.

In the republic there are more than 600 libraries with a total fund of about 7.5 million books and magazines. There are mass libraries in all regions, the largest book fund is concentrated in the National Pushkin Library in Saransk. As a result of its reconstruction, a branch of the Presidential Library will open in the republic. B. N. Yeltsin.

A noticeable role in the formation and development of the cultural potential of Mordovia belongs to actively working creative unions, uniting artists, writers, composers, designers, theatrical figures.

The sectoral education system is represented by the Institute of National Culture (consisting of the State Pedagogical University of the Higher Professional Education "Moscow State University named after N. Ogarev"), two institutions of secondary vocational education (Saransk Music College named after L. P. Kiryukov and Saransk Art College named after F. V. Sychkov), six dozen children's music, art schools and art schools.

To the services of the population of the republic there are 590 institutions of cultural-leisure type - houses of culture, clubs, leisure centers. They created more than 3 thousand club formations; the number of employees of these institutions exceeds 36 thousand people.

Six centers of national culture were established in Mordovia: two Mokshan (in the Rybkino village of the Kovylkinsky district and the village of Staraya Terizmorga in the Staroshaigovsky district), two Erzya (in the village of Nizovka in the Ardatovsky district and the Podlesnaya village of Tavla Kochkurovsky district), Russian (in the village Kochelaevo Kovylkinsky district) and Tatar (in Lyambir village of Lyambirsky district).

Theater and spectacular art is successfully developing in the republic. In its capital city of Saransk, there are 5 theaters, the State Philharmonic Society, and 4 concert organizations.

The emergence of a professional theater in Mordovia is associated with the design of autonomy. In 1931 a theater studio was established, in 1932 it was transformed into the Mordovian State Drama Theater - now the State Russian Drama Theater. In 1939, the national play was staged for the first time - the historical drama of P. Kirillov "Litova". Many performances were awarded the State Prize of the Republic of Mordovia, awarded diplomas of various theatrical reviews of Russia. In 2007 the Mordovia State National Drama Theater was opened, on the stage of which performances are staged not only in Russian, but also in Mordovian languages. In 1938, on the basis of the amateur theater in Saransk, a puppet theater appeared. At present it is the State Puppet Theater of the Republic of Mordovia. His troupe constantly turns to Mordovian folklore, the heroic past of the people. In 2011 in the capital of the republic a concert of the Bolshoi Symphony Orchestra. P. Tchaikovsky under V. Fedoseev opened a new National Theater of Opera and Ballet.

The Republic has accumulated considerable experience in holding large-scale international and all-Russian cultural forums - festivals, symposia, biennale, professional arts and folk art. International festivals: Russian drama theaters "Compatriots", classical music "Classics, Bravo!" And "December Divertissements", jazz music "Weis Jazz" became traditional. In 2007, the I International Festival of National Cultures of Finno-Ugric Peoples was held on hospitable Mordovian land, in which delegations from 50 regions of Russia and a number of foreign countries took part.

Within the framework of the festival, the summit of the heads of three states took place - Russia, Finland and Hungary. In 2011, the 1st International Sculptural Biennial was organized in Mordovia. Bright events were exhibition projects: the All-Russian exhibition of sculpture, all-Russian art exhibitions "The Big Volga - art of the Volga republics" and "Volga young".

In the framework of the celebration of the 1000th anniversary of the unification of the Mordovian people with the peoples of the Russian state (2012), it is planned to implement new cultural megaprojects: the Forum of the Peoples of Russia, the II International Festival of National Cultures of Finno-Ugric Peoples "Shumbrat, Finno-Ugria!", -Ugriya "and much more.

The main directions in the field of preserving cultural heritage and developing the cultural potential of the Republic of Mordovia are: strengthening the material and technical base of cultural objects; training of personnel for the sphere of culture, attraction and consolidation of talented youth in the republic; increase in the payback of projects and cultural services; social and economic development of objects of cultural and historical heritage; development of cultural tourism.

Mordovian Republican Museum of Fine Arts named after SD Erzya is one of the major cultural centers of the republic. The museum has two branches: the SD Erzi House Museum in the village of Baevo and the FV Sychkov House Museum in the village of Kochelaevo. In Saransk, besides the main building, its expositions are also located in the Museum of Mordovian folk culture and the Exhibition Hall. In the main building there are permanent exhibitions devoted to the works of SD Erzi, FV Sychkov, IK Makarov, old Russian masters and contemporary artists, the hall of folk art. The museum's collection includes 15 thousand items of storage.

The memorial museum of the military and labor feat of 1941-1945 was opened on May 6, 1995. The museum's funds numbered about 40 thousand items of storage. These are unique documents and photographs, personal belongings of fighters, weapons, front letters, awards received by natives of Mordovia for feats in battles, archives of famous military commanders. In addition, the exposition of the museum includes paintings and sculptures on a military theme, as well as a large book fund on the history of the Great Patriotic War.

Monuments of history and culture




Outstanding people