Staroshaigovsky district

Staroshaigovsky district

The area is 1 419.4 km2. The population is 14 thousand people. (2010). Center - with. The old Shaygovo.

The district is located in the central part of Mordovia, bordering the Nizhny Novgorod region. In the eastern part it is dominated by the forest-steppe of the Volga Upland, in the west - landscapes of mixed forests of water-glacial sandy lowlands. In the oak forests and mixed forests of the area live the wild boar, elk, roe deer, lynx, badger, marten, mink, capercaillie, adder; there is a beaver; from rare species of plants - lily saranka, cumin sandy, zubyanka. Near the village of Konopat, on the steep slopes of the gully, there are meadow-steppe complexes with the domination of feather-grasshopper and other rare species from the Red Book of the Republic of Moldova.

56 monuments were registered in the territory of Staroshaigovsky district: 35 - history, 9 - town planning and architecture, 2 - arts, 10 - archeology. The oldest element of the cultural landscape of the region are the settlements of the Bronze Age near the village. Irset and Krasnovka. Among the monuments of urban planning and architecture - the church in the name of the Archangel Michael (1914) in with. Vertelim, the building of the former church in the name of the Archangel Michael (1822) in the village of Ivanovka, the church in honor of the Life-Giving Trinity (1902) in the village. Flags, etc.

Memorable dates of the Staroshaigovsky district: 1926 - the formation of the Staroshaygiv Mordovian national parish; 1928 - the formation of the Staroshaigov district; 1933 - putting into operation the Staroshaygiv hemp factory; 1972 - assignment Staroterizmorgsky national choir Staro-
Shaygiv district of the title of laureate of the All-Russian Folklore Festival in Moscow.

On the territory of the region, deposits of brick loam (Gavrilovskoye) and construction sands (Ivanovskoye) have been explored. The upper and medium-carboniferous aquifers with underground water reserves of 76.5 thousand m3 / day are exploited. They have good drinking qualities. The mineralization varies between 0.3 and 0.7 g / dm3. The chemical composition of the water is sulphate-hydrocarbonate calcium-magnesium. The region is known as a source of supplies of mineral water "Brado", widely distributed in Mordovia and beyond.

The main river of the region is Sivin, from the smaller rivers here run Rudnya, Ozhga, Irset. A promising object of water management development is the Sivin River. The catchment area in the district center is 629 km2. The average long-term runoff is 2.45 m3 / s, its volume is 77.3 million m3 per year. The intra-annual distribution of runoff is uneven. In the average water year, 87.1% of its annual volume passes in spring, 3.7% in winter and 9.2% in summer and fall.

The structure of the soil cover of agricultural lands is very mosaic: gray forest (53%), chernozem (22%), floodplain (7%), sod-podzolic soils (2%). Broad-leaved, mixed and coniferous forests, meadow steppes are widespread on the territory of the region. Under forests, about 21.3%, under shrubs - 1.6% of the area.

The economy of the region has a pronounced agricultural specialization. From industrial enterprises, a distillery is located on its territory, its products account for 94% of the region's industrial output, hemp factory and Melzansky woodworking plant. In the long term it is expedient to develop the processing of agricultural products. Natural conditions are favorable for organizing various forms of summer recreation for the population. The main settlements of the region are connected with each other and with the district center by asphalt roads. Most of the villages are gasified.

The old Shaigovo-Moksha village; the center of Staroshaygivsky district (since 1928). The population is 5.0 thousand people. (2010). The village is based in the forest landscapes on the right bank of the Sivini. The first written mention of Shaigov refers to 1692. The name-characteristic: from the Mordovian shay - reeds, swamp, bog. At the end of XIX century. There was a church, a parochial school, churn shops, windmills, tarry factories, a smithy. In the village there are monuments to soldiers who died during the Great Patriotic War, and VI Lenin.

At present, the agro-industrial complex is located in the regional center. In the village there are 3 general education and music schools, the House of Children's Creativity, the vocational school, the central regional hospital, the polyclinic, the centralized centralized library system named after them. IM Devina and other institutions of the social sphere.

Old Akshino is a Russian village in the upper reaches of the small river - the tributary of Shalma. The form of settlement is two-line linear. Population 35 people. (2010). The name is anthroponym: from the pre-Christian Mordovian name Akshay. It was probably founded in the second half of the 16th century. The family estate of the Russian poet and public figure N. Ogarev (1813-1877). Preserved by him an alley of lindens and larches, a cascade of ponds, naturally blended into the landscape of the village. The homeland of the Russian writer-memoirist, public figure N. Tuchkova-Ogareva (1829-1914).

Old Terizmorga is a Moksha village on the river. Sivini. The predominant two-line linear development. Population 820 people. (2010). The name consists of two Moksha-Mordovian topos: teriz (lose, teres) and a morgue - a fork, a sleeve. In the village there is a monument-bust to the people's poet and prose writer IM Devin (1922-1998). In 1992 the center of national culture was created. It includes: Staroterizmorgsky folk folk choir; a collective engaged in the production of folk costumes, women's jewelry; museum of national household items and clothing. Applied art is promoted (traveling exhibitions) in the national museums of the cities of Syktyvkar, Cheboksary, Tetyushi (Tatarstan), Tartu, Budapest, etc. Permanent expositions of folk costumes are in the Museum of Finno-Ugric Peoples (Helsinki, Finland), the House of Peoples of Russia Moscow). The products were awarded the Grand Prix of the Head of the Republic of Moldova at the republican festival "All the colors of the rainbow".

Staroshaigovsky district