Ichalkovsky District

Ichalkovsky District

The area is 1 265.8 km2. The population is 20.5 thousand people. (2010). Center - with. Kemlya.

The region is located in the north-west of Mordovia, mainly in the forest-steppe landscapes, which along the left bank of Alatyr are replaced by natural complexes of mixed forests on sandy above-floodplain terraces and water-glacial plains. The hosted natural landscape of the Ichalkovsky District is characterized by a complex interaction of forest, meadow-steppe and lake-marsh complexes. Among the protected areas are the National Park "Smolny", the swamp "Obrobnaya article" near. Boldaseva, a pine forest in the Kemlyansk forestry, Lake Inorka, Big Inerka, Dubovoy-1, Dubovoe-2 and others. In the floodplain Alatyr nesting water-marsh and waterfowl, including a large curlew. In the lakes grows chilim.

71 monuments are registered on the territory of Ichalkovsky district: 37 - history, 6 - urban planning and architecture, 4 - art, 24 - archeology. Numerous sites of the Neolithic period testify to the antiquity of the economic development of the region: Green Shishka near the village of Krutaya Gora, Kendyanskaya, Papulevskaya, Smolninskaya and others.

Among the memorable dates of the Ichalkovsky district in 1919 is the organization of the Kemlyansk state farm-technical school; 1925 - commissioning in with. Lada of the Saransk hydroelectric station; 1930 - the beginning of exploitation of the Ichalkovsky Forestry Combine; 1984 - opening of the rest home "Alatyr"; 1995 - the creation of the National Park "Smolny".

Among the minerals are deposits of brick clay (Kergudskoe, Rezovatovskoe) and building sands (Stepanovskoe); manifestations of brick loam (Bolshepestrovskoye), expanded clay (Apukhtinskoe, Ineleiskoye). On the territory of the region are exploited the Lower Kazan, Upper Carboniferous-Assel and Upper Carboniferous aquifers. Reserves of groundwater 79,0 thousand m3 / day, of which 67,2 thousand m3 / day have a mineralization up to 1 g / dm3. The mineralization of the extracted waters over most of the territory varies between 0.3 and 0.6 g / dm3. The chemical composition of water is chloride-sulfate-hydrocarbonate sodium-calcium. Their operational reserves and quality are able to fully satisfy the needs of the consumer.

The main waterway is the Alatyr River, which in the district receives the waters of Insara. The area of ​​the catchment to the point under consideration is 4,715 km2. The annual flow rate is 17.4 m3 / s, its volume is 549 million m3 per year. In the average water year, 81.6% of its annual volume passes in spring, 5.2% in winter, 13.2% in summer and fall.

Chernozems (45%), gray forest (24%) and floodplain (15%) soils occupy a significant proportion in the structure of the soil cover. In the southern part of the region broad-leaved forests predominate with meadow and shrubby steppes, and on the left bank of Alatyr there are pine and coniferous-deciduous forests. Under forests, 25.0% are occupied, and under bushes - 1.7% of the area.

The economy of the Ichalkovsky district has an agrarian and industrial orientation. The leading place is occupied by plant growing and cattle breeding (meat and milk cattle breeding). The district is one of the leading producers of grain in Mordovia, it belongs to the zone of intensive cultivation of sugar beet. The most vigorous spring crops in the region are barley and oats. The processing industry is actively developing. Here there is a distillery, a meat processing plant Obrochensky, a cheese factory, a furniture factory.

Kemlya - village on the river. Kemlyatka - the tributary of Alatyr; center of the Ichalkovsky district (since 1930). Population 4,8 thousand people. (2010), mostly Russian.

The village is located in the forest-steppe landscapes. Name-characteristic: kelme latko - cold ravine. In the village there is a church in the name of St. Nicholas, Archbishop of Mirlik (1801), built in the classical style; the building of the former distillery - a monument of industrial architecture of the late XIX century. In the village there are monuments to fighters for collective farming; soldiers who died in the Great Patriotic War; natives of the region who died in local military conflicts; To VI Lenin.

At present, in planning terms, the territory of the regional center is stretched along the railway, which runs along its outskirts. Industrial and municipal warehousing enterprises are located in the south-western and north-western parts of the village. The building is one-storey, a small number of two-story buildings are concentrated in the central part. From the south-eastern side, the village of Ichalka adjoins Kemla. The natural boundary between them is a small river Kemlyatka. Development of residential areas is planned in the south-west direction. The area around the village is occupied by valuable agricultural lands, partially overrun. In the west, agricultural lands are of medium value.

The socio-economic development of the locality is determined by the advantageous geographical location on the Saransk-Nizhny Novgorod railway and the regional highway. In the district center there are a distillery, a furniture factory, the Kemlyansky Agricultural Production Complex. In the social sphere, there is a secondary general education school, an agrarian college, the House of Children's Creativity, the House of Culture, a local history museum, a district hospital, and a library.

Vedyantsy is a Russian village, located on the river. Ineleake. For the layout of a rural settlement, the characteristics of a quarter-street development are characteristic. Population 173 people. (2010). Name-hydronym: the village is located on the shore of Lake Vedian (Veden). Preserved Epiphany Church - a wooden building, built in 1896.

Ichalkovsky District