Ardatovsky District

Ardatovsky District

The area is 1 192.5 km2. The population is 29.4 thousand people. (2010). The center is Ardatov.

The municipal district is located in the north-east of the Republic of Mordovia. The predominant part of it is located in the forest-steppe landscapes of the Volga Upland. In the center, along the left bank of Alatyr, from the west to the east along sandy water-glacial lowlands and over-flooded terraces, geocomplexes of mixed forests stretch in a narrow strip. In the pine, mixed and deciduous forests of the low-lying Zaalatyria, live elk, wild boar, roe deer, marten, mink, beaver, capercaillie. In the steppe ecosystems preserved on the steep slopes and ravines of the steppe ecosystems, species from the Red Book of the Republic of Mordovia are found: the arboreal cotoneaster, the spring adonis, the sedge squat, etc. There are many protected areas on the territory of the district, including the swamp in the Zavodskoye lesnichestvo, 2 swamps "Obloka 4" "Shmelev pond", a grove of larch in Ardatov, Lake Shirokoe, etc.

128 monuments are registered on the territory of the Ardatov region: 67 - history, 37 - urban planning and architecture, 3 - art, 21 - archeology. Of special significance is the Trinity Church (1784) in the village. Andreevka, declared a monument of federal significance.

Among the memorable dates of the district is Ardatov's status of the county town of Simbirsk Gubernia (1780), the opening of the first seminary in the city of Mordovia (1918), the formation of the Ardatov Mordovian national parish (1925), the formation of the Ardatov district (1928), the opening medical college in the city of Ardatov (1933), the opening near the village. Ridkodub'e Rest houses for invalids of the Great Patriotic War (1946), the commissioning of the Ardatov Lighting Factory (1949), the celebration of the 100th anniversary of the birth of sculptor SD Erzi by the public of the country and the republic, the opening of his house museum in the village of. Baevo (1976), the opening of the 1st museum of war veterans in the city of Ardatov (1977), the unveiling of a monument to SD Erzya in the village. Baevo (1991).

The deposits of brick clays (Ardatovskoe, Kalasevskoe, Kelvyadninskoe, Kurakinskoe), sand for silicate products (Andreevskoye), construction sands (Kalasevskoe), ocher for mineral paints (Chukalskoye), claydite clays (Spassko-Murzinskoye, Turgenevskoye) are confined to the thickness of the Cenozoic deposits. . In the valley of the river. Alatyr there are small deposits of peat. The operational reserves of groundwater are concentrated in the Carboniferous Carboniferous-Permian aquifer-54,800 m3 / day, of which 7.4 thousand m3 / day have a mineralization up to 1 g / dm3. The chemical composition of water is magnesium sulphate. For groundwater is characterized by an elevated content of fluorine, iron. A promising area for optimizing centralized water supply is the search for groundwater deposits within the Volga-Valanzhian aquifer distribution, which are currently being used by equipping wells and springs.

The main waterway is the Alatyr River, the left tributary of Sura; smaller rivers Me, Malaya Sarka. The norm of the annual flow of Alatyr in the Ardatov area is 43 m3 / s, its volume is 1 357 million m3 per year. The distribution of runoff during the year is uneven. In the average water year 80.4% of its annual volume passes in spring, 5.9% in winter and 13.7% in summer and autumn. In the floodplain Alatyr many lakes of old origin.

Black soil (60%), gray forest (16), floodplain (11), sod-podzolic soils (5%) in the structure of the soil cover of agricultural lands. The dominant area of ​​pine, mixed and deciduous forests tends to sandy lowlands on the left bank of Alatyr. Under forests, 23.7% are occupied, and under bushes - 1.6% of the area. In the early periods of economic development, meadow and shrub steppes were widespread, which were preserved in small fragments along steep slopes. On the territory of the district there are a lighting plant, a forestry enterprise, a forestry enterprise, a district industrial complex, a butter factory, a printing plant, agricultural enterprises of various forms of ownership. About 92% of the region's industrial output falls to the share of the lighting plant located in the river. village of Turgenevo. All settlements of the region are united by asphalt roads, the gasification level is 95%. The area has a developed social sphere.

Ardatov is a city, the center of the Ardatov District (since 1928). The population is 9.4 thousand people. (2010). The settlement was founded in the XVII century. in the forest landscapes on the right bank of the river. Alatyr. Name-anthroponym: Mordvin with pre-Christian name Ardat was the first settler, the founder of the settlement.

Until the beginning of the nineteenth century. the settlement had an ordinal layout. After the provincial reform (1775) was transferred to the category of urban. Since 1780, Ardatov is a district town. In 1804 he received a regular master plan with a system of rectangular blocks and a central Cathedral Square. In the central part preserved Trinity Cathedral and St. Nicholas Church, stone buildings of the Zemstvo and police administrations, treasuries, shopping arcades, residential buildings of the XIX century. The Ardatov Museum of History and Local History is functioning. In 1833 A. Pushkin stayed in Ardatov.

The features of the modern development of the city of Ardatov are determined by the geographical location 10 km from the railway station of the same name, which is intermediate on the section of the Red Knoz - Kanash railway. Currently, urban buildings are compactly located on the upper plateau and descend along the aboriginal valley to the Alatyr floodplain. The city's quarters are mostly built on single-story houses. In the center there are separate two-storey buildings. In the eastern and northern parts of the city, multi-storey apartment houses are being built. The industrial area was formed in its southern part.

In Ardatovo, there are grain and butter factories, the industrial and industrial complex and other enterprises, a medical school, A. Pozharsky (established in 1917), general education, music, art and sports schools, club institutions, libraries, district hospital.

Andreevka is a Russian village on the Charlage River. Single-line linear development prevails. Population 120 people. (2010). The name is anthroponym. The Troitsk church, built in 1784, has been preserved in the village; late variation of the capital architecture of the late XVII century. - An architectural monument of federal significance.

 Baevo is an Erzya village on the Ladige River. For the planning of a rural settlement, a radial development is typical. Population 1,7 thousand people. (2010). Name-anthroponym: The bath-house is the pre-Christian name of Mordovia. Baevo is the birthplace of sculptor SD Erzi. In 1975 the House-Museum of SD Erzya was opened, in the exposition of which the life and creative path is reflected. In front of the house in 1991 a monument to the great sculptor was erected.

Ardatovsky District