Bolshebereznikovsky District

Bolshebereznikovsky District

The area is 957.7 km2. The population is 14.0 thousand people. (2010). Center - with. The Big Berezniki.

The region is located in the south-east of the republic in the forest-steppe landscapes of the Volga Upland. In the southern and south-eastern parts of the sandy supra-flooded terraces of Sura, a strip of forest landscapes stretch. On the territory of the district, 11 PAs are allocated, most of which gravitate towards the Sura valley, among them Lake Inerka and Sabaevskoye bog. In the coniferous and mixed forests, in the floodplain oak forests of the region, three species of orchids from the Red Book of Russia are protected: the Venus shoe is real, the redhead is red, the chinstrap is leafless; from animals - beaver, muskrat, European mink, bats, sandpiper-magpie, gray shrike, bee-woodblood, apollo, machaon, poliksena, etc. Fragments of shrub and feather grass steppes on the chalk slopes between the village of Degilevka and . Garth, as well as in the vicinity of the Mordovian village of Veyse. An urgent task is the transformation of reserves, the term of functioning of which has expired, into complex nature monuments.

Numerous settlements of the Bronze Age, ancient sites, burial mounds and cemeteries, studied by archaeologists, testify to the ancient economic development of Prisury. On the territory of the district 79 monuments are registered: 36 - history, 14 - town planning and architecture, 2 - art, 27 - archeology.

Quaternary deposits on the territory of the region are confined to deposits of brick loam (Bolsheberezernikovskoe), sand-gravel mixtures (Marianovskoye); manifestations of building sands (Krasnopolyanskoe, Simkinskoye), in the Paleogene sediments - a deposit of sandstones on crushed stone (Staronaymanskoye). Underground waters of the Carboniferous Carboniferous-Permian aquifer have an increased mineralization, their operational reserves are 77.9 thousand m / day. The chemical composition of the water is sulfate-chloride magnesium-sodium. With the purpose of creating favorable conditions for providing drinking water to the population c. Big Berezniki should use the resources of the Upper Cretaceous aquifer.

The main waterway is the Sura River, into which Shtyrma, Greater Ksa, Malaya Ksa flow into the district. Sura catchment area in the alignment with. Large Berezniki is 25,200 km2. The annual flow rate is 85.7 m3 / s, its volume is 2 704.7 million m3 per year. In the average water year, 64% of the annual runoff is in spring, 9.9% falls on winter and 26.1% falls on summer and fall.

On agricultural lands, gray forest, often gravelly soils (63%) prevail, much less the proportion of chernozem (18%) and floodplain (10%) soils.

Broad-leaved forests predominate in interfluve spaces, mixed and pine in the Sura valley. Under forests, about 21.1%, under bushes - 3.4% of the area.

Bolshebereznikovsky district is an agrarian one. The largest farms are Iskra, Kirovskoye, Zavodskoye. The region's industry is represented by the distillery "Vladimiro-Marjanovsky", the butter factory "Bolshebereznikovsky", the workshop "Lisma-Instrument". The area is completely gasified. On Lake Inerka is the rest house "Orbita". In the long term, it is advisable to further develop production facilities for the processing of agricultural products, summer forms of recreational services for the population.

Big Berezniki is a village, the center of Bolshebereznikovsky district (since 1935). Population 6,6 thousand people. (2010), mostly Russian.

The settlement was founded in the XVII century. on the river. Minor Kshe at its confluence in Sura as a guard post for the protection of the southeastern borders of the Russian state. The term is the term from the Russian word "birch". In the second half of the XIX century. in with. Big Berezniki worked a steam mill, distilling and soap making plants, dyeing shops, tanneries, a stud farm. Sura was used as the most important transport route. In the village there was a school, a district Zemstvo hospital, a people's library. Preserved buildings of the XIX century, which reflect the options of local rural residential architecture; monuments to soldiers who died in the Great Patriotic War, VI Lenin, AS Pushkin. The Trinity Church operates. Features of natural and historical heritage are reflected in the expositions of the museum of local lore.

Activation of social and economic development has been determined with the construction of highways Saransk - Bolshie Berezniki - Dubenki - Ulyanovsk and Bolshie Berezniki - Chamzinka with a hard asphalt covering, as well as a bridge across the Suru. In Bolshie Berezniki there are Lisma-Instrument, butter, bread, asphalt plants, State Unitary Enterprise RM Bereznikovsky territorial forestry. In the district center there are general education schools, a hospital, a psycho-neurological boarding school, a children's sanatorium, a meteorological station (since 1887).

The repairs are a Russian village, located on the river. Great Kshe. In the layout of the settlement, radial street development is poorly expressed. The population is 339 people. (2010). The origin of the name is associated with the Russian archaic word "repairs" - a place cleared from the forest for arable land, as well as a settlement, a small new settlement (from the word "initiative" - ​​the beginning). The church of the Apostles Peter and Paul (1831) - an example of a provincial Empire was preserved in the village.

Bolshebereznikovsky District