Krasnoslobodsky district

Krasnoslobodsky district

The area is 1,400 km2. The population is 26.4 thousand people. (2010). The center is Krasnoslobodsk.

The district is located in western Mordovia. In the western part there are forest-steppe landscapes of the Volga Upland, and in the east - forest landscapes of sandy above-floodplain terraces and water-glacial plains. In the pine and deciduous forests on the right bank of the Moksha live moose, spotted deer, wild boar, fox, hare, squirrel, marten, ermine, polecat, mink, black grouse, capercaillie; in the meadow-bog ecosystems there are colonies of gray heron; the beavers are built on the rivers. In the steppe island oak forests, rare plants grow - the white goatskin, the forest anemone. For the protection of rare and endangered species of plants and animals, many PAs have been created on the territory of the district: the Solovievsky swamp, forest dachas - Krasnoslobodskaya, Sivinskaya, oak Kolzivanovskaya, Selishchinskaya oak grove, Lake Churilka and others. Special attention should be paid to the reserve of medicinal plants.

Monuments of federal significance are protected in the cultural landscape of the Krasnoslobodsky District: an ancient site near the village of Kliukvenniy and a site of ancient settlement near the village of. Old Syndrovo, the house-estate of the Decembrist AV Vedenyapin in the village of Troyni and his grave in the village of. Selishchi; monuments of civil architecture of the XVIII - XIX centuries. - houses of merchants IM Sevostyanov and AD Muromtsev in Krasnoslobodsk, ensemble of the Savior's Transfiguration Monastery (late 18th - early 19th century) in the village of Uchkhoz. Altogether 129 monuments were registered in the region: 37 - history, 13 - urban planning and architecture, 6 - art, 73 - archeology.

Memorable dates of the district: 1719 - the foundation of the Ryabka Metallurgical Plant; 1780 - approval of Catherine II emblem of Krasnoslobodsk; 1918 - the opening of pedagogical courses in Krasnoslobodsk; 1925 - formation of the Rybkin Mordovian national volost; 1928 - the formation of the Krasnoslobodsky District; 1931 - opening of a zooveterinary technical school in Krasnoslobodsk; 1932 - putting into operation the Krasnoslobodsky hemp factory; 1954 - the opening of a technical school in Krasnoslobodsk; 1957 - putting into operation the Krasnoslobodskaya spinning and weaving factory; 1963 - commissioning of the plant "Promsvyaz" in Krasnoslobodsk; 1976 - opening of the rest home "Sivin"; 1977 - the creation in the Krasnoslobodsky district of the first in the republic inter-farm association "Moksha" for the production of fodder on reclaimed lands.

On the territory of the region, deposits (Zheltonogovskoe) and manifestations (Tustatovskoe, Chukalskoye) of brick loam were identified. Since 1912, groundwater resources are beginning to be developed. On the territory of the region, medium- and Upper-Carboniferous aquifers are exploited. Reserves of groundwater 129.3 thousand m3 / day. The mineralization of the extracted waters varies in the range from 0.3 to 0.8 g / dm3. In terms of chemical composition, they are sulfate-hydrocarbonate calcium-magnesium. The operational reserves and quality of groundwater can meet the needs of users.

From south to north, the district crosses the river. Moksha, which in its territory takes tributaries to Ryabka and Sivin. The area of ​​the Moksha catchment area in the alignment of the city is 11 420 km2. The average long-term runoff at the site of the city is 38.8 m3 / s; volume - it is 1 224.5 million m3 per year. The annual distribution of the flow is uneven. In the average water year 79% of its annual volume passes in the spring (March-April), 14.5% - in the summer-autumn period (June-November) and 6.5% in the winter. In the flood plain of Moksha there are many lakes of old origin.

In the western part of the region, chernozems are common (their share in the structure of agricultural lands is 34%), gray forest (32%), floodplain (15%), sod-podzolic (12%) and other soils take part in the structure of the soil cover. On the left bank of the Moksha, deciduous forests predominate, fragments of meadow and shrub steppes occur; Coniferous and coniferous-deciduous forests are distributed along the right bank. Under forests, 20.0% are occupied, under bushes - 2.8% of the area.

The economy of the region combines developed agrarian and industrial sectors. Recently, industrial enterprises such as the Krasnoslobodsky plant Promsvyaz, the Krasnoslobodsky radio plant, and the Krasnoslobodsky butter factory are constantly increasing their production volumes. Provision of residents of the region with natural and liquefied gas is more than 85%, including natural - 73%. There are 253 km of paved roads in the district, including federal ones. All major rural settlements are connected by bus with the district center. Regularly operates a city route linking the city with suburban settlements.

Krasnoslobodsk is a Russian-Mordvin city; Moksha (since 1780); center of the Krasnoslobodsky district (since 1928). The population is 10.1 thousand people. (2010).

The city was founded in the forest-steppe landscapes on the left root slope of the river. Moksha in 1584 (according to VA Yurchenkov) as a jail (fortification) in connection with the construction of the zasechnoy features. When the prison is formed, the settlement of Krasnaya Sloboda. From Krasnoslobodsk to the valley of the river opens a picturesque landscape. We must agree with the thesis given in the "Materials for Geography and Statistics of Russia" (1867) that "without a doubt, Krasnoslobodsk was given the name of a former village from its beautiful residence; A high mountain, the foot of which is washed by the river. Moksha, appears in the form of an amphitheater from a number of mountains on the left side of this river. The opposite shore of the city is very gentle; on it lie small undulating elevations, dotted with groves, villages and villages. The view from the city, completely open on three sides, in the summer time is really a beautiful picture. " Since 1801, Krasnoslobodsk is a district town of the Penza province.

Krasnoslobodsk is saturated with objects of historical heritage: the building of the former cathedral in honor of the Holy Trinity (1819), the complex of buildings of the former convent in honor of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin (1816-1896), the house of merchants Sevostyanovs; House-Museum of the Decembrists of the brothers Vedenyapin, etc.

The city has monuments to soldiers who died in the Great Patriotic War, VI Lenin, IV Michurin. In 1866 ME Saltykov-Shchedrin stayed in Krasnoslobodsk. The natural and historical heritage of the district is reflected in the expositions of the historical museum of local lore.

The leading industry in the city is mechanical engineering, food and light industry also developed. In Krasnoslobodsk there are factories "Promsvyaz", butter, bread; combines: industrial, food and woodworking, spinning and weaving factory and other enterprises. There are general educational, art, music, sports schools, a boarding school, 2 vocational schools, a veterinary technical school, an agrarian college, a medical school, libraries, a central district hospital, a boarding house for the elderly and other social organizations in the city.

Selishchi is a Russian village located on the park's creek. The form of the settlement is quarterly-street with elements of radial development. Population 662 people. (2010). It is called the Russian archaic word "Selishche", meaning the place on which was located before the emergence of this settlement another village. In the village lived and was buried Decembrist AV Vedenyapin (1804-1872). In 1952, a monument was erected on his grave. In the village there is also a monument to soldiers who died in the Great Patriotic War.

Preobrazhensky - a settlement on the right bank of the Moksha, 5 km south of the city of Krasnoslobodsk. In the cultural landscape stands out a complex of buildings of the monastery in honor of the Transfiguration of the Savior (1796-1855), the construction of which used the town planning principles of the XVIII century. and architectural forms of classicism.

Krasnoslobodsky district