Zubovo-Polyansky District

Zubovo-Polyansky District

The area is 2 709.43 km2. The population is 59.2 thousand people. (2010). Center - r. Zubov Polyana village.

The municipal entity is located in the south-west of Mordovia, bordering the Penza and Ryazan regions. The predominant part of the district is located in the landscapes of mixed forests of sandy water-glacial plains. The most interesting protected areas are marsh, water and forest ecosystems, among which the bog "Bolshoy", the tract "White Lakes" in the valley of the river. Windy, a site of Siberian larch (planted in 1917), a pine grove near the village. Shiringushi is the place of growth of the Weymutov pine, Lake Imarka. In the forest and floodplain ecosystems of the region inhabit the muskrat, otter, European mink, marten, gray crane, gray heron, large spotted eagle, snake, osprey, gogol, copperhead; in the water there is a floating salviny. As a natural monument there is a landslide "Koshel-gora".

The Zubovo-Polyansky District is rich in archaeological monuments (sites, settlements, firmament, places of finds of treasures and antiques), among which the most famous are the tract Tarvas-Molot, Pichpandinsky and Kargashinsky burial grounds, Neolithic sites on Lake Imerka, Shiringushsky parking. 123 monuments were registered on the territory of the district: 36 - history, 9 - urban planning and architecture, 5 - art, 73 - archeology (including 5 - federal significance).

Mineral deposits are mainly associated with quaternary deposits: brick loam (Achadovo, Zarubkinskoye), brick clays (Zavadskoye), construction sands (Yavaska), mineral paints (Anaevskoye). The Lower and Middle Carboniferous aquifers are exploited on the territory of the region. Reserves of groundwater - 382.7 thousand m3 / day. The mineralization of the extracted water varies from 0.2 to 0.6 g / dm3. In chemical composition, they are sulfate-hydrocarbonate, chloride-hydrocarbonate calcium-sodium, magnesium-sodium.

The largest rivers of the region are Vad, Partza, Vysha. The catchment area of ​​the Vad River in the district center is 1,257 km2. The annual flow rate is 4.73 m3 / s, its annual volume is 149.3 million m3. In the average water year, 77.7% of annual runoff is in spring, 7.5% in winter and 14.8% in summer and fall.

The combination of gray forest (34%), chernozem (27%), sod-podzolic (17%) and floodplain (14%) soils is characteristic of the structure of the soil cover of agricultural lands. Pine and mixed forests predominate on the territory of the region, with about 62.2% of the municipal area occupied, under bushes - 2.1%.

In 1726, in the Zubovo-Polyanskiy district, the Shiringush cloth factory was put into operation, in 1930 - the Umyotsky woodworking combine, in 1931 - the tannic extract plant (now the "Dubitel") in Dubitel, in 1932 - the Zubovo-Polyanskiy Chemical Plant, in 1939 - Vadsky Mechanical Plant, in 1962 - factory radio components in the river. Zubov Polyana, in 1968 - a plant of non-standardized equipment in the river. Potema settlement. At present, the Radiadetal plant, the Potmin plant of non-standard equipment, the bread-baking plant, a creamery and other enterprises are operating on the territory of the district. On the basis of forest resources, woodworking enterprises operate - Umyot and Kiselevsky DOKI, Zubovo-Polyanskiy and Vyshinsky timber processing plants, chemical plant, Javasskaya and Leplyskaya furniture factories. In the district there is an active construction (felling) of houses to order.

Zubova Polyana is a Russian-Moksha working settlement (since 1959), the center of the Zubovo-Polyansky district (since 1928). The population is 10.3 thousand people. (2010).

The settlement is located in the landscapes of mixed forests on the river. Part. The first mention is dated 1680. The name is anthroponym-characteristic: by the name of the owners of the settlement of Zubov, servicemen on the Kerensky zasechnaya line; the second component indicates the peculiarity of the terrain: a clearing is a felling in the forest. Being on the cart road Shatsk-Spassk, Zubova Polyana developed as a postal station. In the second half of the XIX century. There was a water mill, salotopic, iron foundry, sawmill and brickworks. The inhabitants were engaged in beekeeping and forestry.

Currently, industrial enterprises are concentrated in the southern and northern industrial zones, the radio plant is located in the central part of the village. It is built up compactly mostly by single-storey houses. Multi-storey buildings are concentrated in the south-western part. In the village there are monuments to soldiers who died during the Great Patriotic War, VI Lenin, AS Pushkin. The area around the village is covered. To the east of it, agricultural lands of medium value are occupied by forests of Groups I and II.

A convenient geographical location at the intersection of two important highways contributes to the active development of the village. Currently, there are asphalt, bread-and-butter factories, the plant "Radiadetal", the industrial complex, chemical plant, "Knitting Factory" LLP and other enterprises. The village has a general education, music and art school, vocational schools, a pedagogical college, a central regional hospital, a cinema, the House of Culture.

Anaevo - Moksha village on the river. Derby. The layout of the settlement is dominated by radial street buildings. The population is 382 people. (2010). The settlement appeared in the second half of the 16th century. The name is anthroponym: its founder was Mordvin with pre-Christian name Anai. In 1971 in the village there was opened the House-Museum of the Mordovian composer L. P. Kiryukov (1895-1965); a monument was erected to the soldiers who died during the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945.

Yavas is a Moksha-Russian working village, founded in the early 30s of the 20th century. workers, preparing timber for new buildings in Moscow. In the settlement there is a well-marked quarter-street development. The population is 7.9 thousand people. (2010). The village is named after the river Javas. Here was born the cosmonaut VN Dezhurov - commander of the spaceship with the Russian-American crew Soyuz TM-21 (1995).

Zubovo-Polyansky district I


Zubovo-Polyany district II