Ruzaevsky district

Ruzaevsky district

The area is 1,1 thousand km2. Population 66.3 thousand people. (2010). The center is in Ruzaevka.

The district is located in the center of Mordovia in the forest-steppe landscapes of the Volga Upland. Among the specially protected areas there are shrub steppes in the basin of the river. Lions with more than 20 species of plants from the Red Book of the Republic of Moldova, including feather feather grass; in the meadow steppes near. Palaevka marked the place of occurrence of two species from the Red Book of Russia - feather feather grass and feather grass of Zalessky. In fish breeding ponds on the river. The Lozhe nests black-eared toadstool, remez, and the white-cheeked tern.

On the territory of the region 78 monuments are registered: 48 - history, 15 - urban planning and architecture, 6 - art, 9 - archeology. A monument of federal significance in the village. Pagarma in the territory of the Paraskevo-Voznesensky Monastery was declared the building of the XIX century, in which in 1918 the headquarters of the First Revolutionary Army of the Eastern Front was located.

Memorable dates of Ruzaevsky district: 1780 - approval of Catherine II Shishkeev's coat of arms; 1788 - the creation in Ruzaevka of the landlord NE Struisky the first in Mordovia and one of the first printing houses in the Volga region; 1903 - the completion of the construction of a railway from Ruzaevka to N. Novgorod through the city of Saransk; 1924 - launch of the Smychka power plant in Ruzaevka; 1928 - the formation of the Ruzaevsky district; 1931 - putting into operation the Ruzaevsky brick factory; 1960 - commissioning of the Ruzayevsk sewing and knitting factory (now Ruzteks); 1961 - commissioning of the Ruzayevsky Chemical Engineering Plant (now Ruzkhimmash); 1964 - the establishment in Ruzaevka of a branch of the Mordovian State University; 1968 - commissioning of a dairy plant; 1971 - the creation of the printing house "Ruzaevsky printer".

 Numerous deposits of building materials have been found on the territory of the district: brick (Levzhenskoye-2), refractory (Shishkeevskoye) and expanded clay (Ruzaevskoye) clay, construction sand (Uskliaiskoye); manifestations of brick clays (Forest), construction sand (Aleksinsky, Argamakovskoe, Zagorenskoye). The medium-carbon aquifer is exploited. Reserves of groundwater 53,8 thousand m3 / day, of which 51,0 thousand m3 / day have a mineralization up to 1 g / dm3. The waters are predominantly hydrocarbonate-sulfate.

The main waterway of the district is the river. Insar. The catchment area in the Ruzaevka section is 541 km2. The average long-term runoff is 1.86 m3 / s, its volume is 58.7 million m3 per year.

In the structure of the soil cover of agricultural lands, chernozem (42%), gray forest (41%), floodplain (3%) and other soils. Natural vegetation is represented by broad-leaved forests, meadow and shrub steppes occur along steep sloping slopes. Under forests, 12.9% are occupied, and under bushes - 1.9% of the area.

The presence of fertile land in Ruzaevsky District allows to successfully develop agricultural production. In addition to traditional crop production and livestock farming and processing of their products, gardening is developing in the region. Municipal formation is the basic area for the priority placement of the state order for the production of potatoes. Considerable prospects have fish farms, engaged in the cultivation of carp in specialized fish-breeding and complex ponds.

Features of socio-economic development of Ruzaevsky district are determined by the fact that Ruzaevka is a major railway junction at the intersection of Ryazan-Inza and Penza-Saransk-Krasny Uzel, the second industrial center of Mordovia, after Saransk. On the territory of the district there are enterprises of machine-building, chemical and petrochemical complexes, light industry. All roads have a hard surface. The gasification level of the district is more than 98%.

Ruzaevka is a city of republican subordination and a major railway junction on the river. Insar; the center of Ruzaevsky district (since 1918), Ruzaevsky district (since 1928). The population is 47.5 thousand people. (2010).

Settlement arose in the XVII century. Development Ruzaevka is associated with the construction in 1893 of the railway. The title-anthroponym: the Tatar Murza Urazai Tonkacheev in 1631 was granted land, on which a populated point arose. Ruzaevka is the birthplace of the poet NE Struisky, in whose estate the famous poet AI Polezhaev was born (1804-1838). The city has monuments to the fighters of the revolution, to the soldiers who died during the Great Patriotic War, who died in evacuation hospital No. 3053, to VI Lenin, AI Polezhaev, AP Baikuzov, AV Ukhtomsky, PI. Putilovoy. The Nativity-Theotokos and Elijah churches function.

At present, Ruzaevka is a major transport hub, which is formed by the merger of four railways with the largest station system, as well as highways of the republican, regional and local significance. The city territory is cut by the Moscow-Samara railway. The main residential part of the city is located in the northern region. Its development is provided by the reconstruction of a one-story fund of the central part. Urban development of new areas is in the north-eastern direction on lands of medium value.

Ruzaevka is the second industrial center of the republic after Saransk. Here are placed Ruzkhimmash (the largest manufacturer of railway tanks and specialized freight cars in Russia), Lisma-Ruzaevka, Lisma-Ruzmash, Ruz Polimer, Stroykeramika, Mordovstroy, Ruzteks garment factory, Lehikon ", Ruzaevskaya construction firm," Ruzpischekombinat ", Ruzaevskaya garment factory, printing house" Ruzaevsky printer "," Ruzaevremtehpred "and other enterprises.

In the city there are 9 secondary schools, 5 children's art schools, pre-school children's home, house-school, 4 vocational schools, polytechnic technical school, Ruzayevsky Institute of Mechanical Engineering - branch of the Mordovia State University, Samara State Academy of Communications, library, House of Culture, a museum of local lore, a park of culture and recreation, a central regional hospital and other social facilities.

Paiharma is a Russian village on the river Paygarme. The form of the settlement is a street linear. Population 699 people. (2010). The name of the floristic character: the village is formed from the Mordvinian words by the gurine (singing the chicken) - "aspen grove", a settlement that arose in the aspen forest. In the village there is the Paraskevo-Ascension Convent, built in 1884. The central part of the monastery is the cathedral square, two churches, a burial vault and a bell tower. On the territory of the monastery is a spring, the water of which is considered curative.

Tatar Pisle is a Tatar village. Linear street building prevails. Population 3,2 thousand people. (2010). According to IK Inzhevatov (1987), the name is derived from moksha-Mordovian words peshey - a river flowing through a linden forest. The definition of "Tatar" indicates the ethnic composition of the population. The museum of the classic of the Tatar literature Sharif Kamal (Sh. K. Baigildiev, 1884-1942) was organized in the village.

Ruzaevsky district