Insard district

Insard district

The area is 968.6 km2. The population is 14 thousand people. (2010). The center is Insar.

Insara district is located in the south of the republic. Most of it is in the forest-steppe landscapes of the Volga Upland. Forest-steppe landscapes are highly developed. Forest tracts are preserved along interfluve spaces. According to observations of ornithologists, the Issy basin is the stopping point for many waterfowl on migration, including the white-fronted and gray goose, the swine, the gooseberry, the pintail; on the nesting are marked: meadow harrier, reed harrier, black grouse, quail, gray partridge, carrier, brown owl, common kingfisher, hemp, garden oatmeal.

In the cultural landscape of the region there are monuments of federal significance: the shaft of the zase line (XVII century) in the suburbs of Insara, the Epiphany Church (1770) in the village of. Language Pyatina, an obelisk near. Usskino, established in 1951 on the site of the death of the heroes-stratonovt PF Fedoseenko,
AB Vasenko, ID Usyskina. In total, 60 monuments are registered in the district: 30 - history, 15 - urban planning and architecture, 5 - art, 10 - archeology (settlements at the Kirikleyevsky Maidan, Novye Veriissy, Shady-Ryskin, Yamskaya, insara burial mounds, etc.).

Mineral deposits and manifestations of brick loam (Insara, Insara-1), construction sand (Paevskoye, Vyazerskoe, Kosoye, Orlovsky), sandstones (Kazeevskoye, Kozlovskoye) are extracted from minerals. A medium-carbon aquifer is operated on the territory of the region. Reserves of groundwater 105.3 thousand m3 / day. The mineralization of the extracted waters varies between 0.4 and 0.5 g / dm3. In terms of chemical composition, they are chloride-hydrocarbonate, chloride-sulfate, calcium-sodium, sodium-magnesium. High content of fluorine (1,0 - 3,0 mg / dm3) determines the need for development and implementation of water treatment activities.

On the territory of the district there are the rivers Issa, Potizh, Zuevka, Vyazer, Insarca. As an additional source for water supply in the town of Insara, the water resources of the river can be considered. The Issa. The area of ​​its catchment to the site of the city of Insara is 1,249 km2. The annual flow rate is 4.41 m3 / s, its volume is 139.2 million m3 per year. The distribution of runoff during the year is uneven. In the average water year, 88.2% of its annual volume passes in spring, 4% in winter and 7.8% in summer and fall.

The structure of the soil cover is composed of chernozems, gray forest soils, floodplain soils. In natural vegetation, broad-leaved forests predominate. Under forests, 16.7% are employed, under bushes - 1.4% of the area.

The insard district is an agrarian-industrial one. A number of enterprises process agricultural products. The most successful plant is Neon, which produces semiconductor and vacuum devices. All central estates of the district are connected with each other and with the district center by asphalt roads. The area is gasified by 96%.

Insar is a Russian city, based on the river. Insarca and Issa (since 1648); the center of the Insara district (since 1928). The population is 8.6 thousand people. (2010).

The city was founded in the forest-steppe landscapes as a military-strategic and administrative point on the southeastern border of the Russian state, at the crossroads of two most important roads coming from the Caspian steppes to Temnikov, Moscow and from the Black Sea coast to Kazan. Hydronim Insar includes two words: ine - large, sara - lagged, swampy pond.

In 1785, Insar received a regular general plan with a rectangular system of large blocks and a central square, with the administrative building of the county authorities. In the second half of the XIX century. There were 5 churches, 3 schools, 2 hospitals; in summer and autumn, annual fairs took place.

In the city there are many objects of historical heritage - the Church of the Nativity of Christ was preserved (1823), the complex of the buildings of the nunnery of St. Olga, the Princess of Kiev (1914), the shopping arcades, dwelling houses of the second half of the 19th century. Monuments were erected for fighters for Soviet power, soldiers who died during the Great Patriotic War, VI Lenin, the organizer of the Insarsky Uyezd Committee of the RKP (b) I.Ya. Sventher, Colonel-General IV Boldin, A. M. Gorky. With the Insar and Insara County, the activities of the Decembrist AA Tuchkov, poets NP Ogarev, NM Satin are associated. The natives of Insar are the well-known anthropologist FV Veshnyakov, one of the founders of Russian seismology, AP Orlov. In 1768, the naturalist PS Pallas visited Insara. In the city the museum of local lore is organized.

In 1961, the ribbon-packing factory was put into operation in Insara, in 1962 - a creamery plant, in 1970 - a branch of an electrical appliance factory. In Insara there are enterprises "Lenta", "Neon", "Vzlet", raippromkombinat, etc. In the city there are 3 general educational, music, art and sports schools, secondary vocational technical school, central regional hospital. The modern planning structure of the city is compact, the buildings are mostly single-storey, wooden, with large private plots. Industrial and communal-warehouse territories are located in the north-western and eastern parts of the city.

Usskino-Russian village on the river. Potig. The settlement is dominated by street linear buildings. The population is 47 people. (2010). The settlement originated as the Potigi Ostrog in the middle of the 17th century. on the margin line. On April 10, 1939, the village received the modern name in honor of one of the crew members of the stratospheric "Osoaviakhim-1", which climbed to a height of 22 km and suffered an accident near this village.

Language Pyatina - Russian village on the river. Medoyev (Modayev). In the planning of a rural settlement, two-line linear development is well expressed. The population is 293 people. (2010). The name is associated with the Russian obsolete word "pyatina", which denotes the method of leasing land use, in which the owner was given a fifth of the crop. The church of the Epiphany of the Lord, built in 1770 in the style of the provincial baroque, was preserved in the village.

Insard district